French revolution terms

By the late 1790s, the directors relied almost entirely on the military to maintain their authority and had ceded much of their power to the generals in the field.Louis also increased surveillance of and control over his subjects by building up the military, creating a Parisian police force, and tightening the system of book censorship.Greater reforms were prevented, however, by the opposition of the upper classes and the court.This motto fell into disuse under the Empire, like many revolutionary symbols.

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The French Revolution has received enormous amounts of historical attention,.Louis built the immense palace of Versailles, which housed at least 10,000 people.A crucial breakthrough came in the early 1800s when the English Quaker schoolteacher John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.French Revolution definition, the revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode (requires login).They also wanted the government to guarantee them a living wage.The delegates believed that the king intended to send them home.The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.French Revolution for Kids - Interesting videos, lessons, quiz games, interactive diagrams, presentations and activities on French Revolution.You will shortly receive an email inviting you to confirm your subscription(s).The clergy: in the Middle Ages, the Church had exerted great influence throughout Christian Europe.The heirs of Louis XIV were not the right men to solve the financial crisis in France.

In August 1792, when Darnay leaves England for France, the dominant political group passed a series of laws renouncing monarchy and proclaiming death for any returning aristocrats.Thousands of courtiers focused attention on his every activity from morning to night.The 12-member committee had almost absolute power as it battled to save the revolution.Take this History True or False Quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of bridges, air travel, and more historic facts.

The National Assembly completed its main task by producing a constitution.Young officers developed effective new tactics to win battles with masses of ill-trained but patriotic forces.As monarchs centralized power, loyalty shifted to the king or queen.In 1770 he married Marie-Antoinette, youngest daughter of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.

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When Necker proposed taxing the First and Second estates, the nobles and high clergy forced the king to dismiss the would-be reformer.They took the famous Tennis Court Oath, and vowed not to disband until they had drawn up a constitution for France.In the theoretical republican state, where the government expresses the will of the people who have chosen it, republic and democracy may be identical (there are also democratic monarchies).But only a small number of substances can be said to have fundamentally revolutionized medicine.

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Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee in June 1791, retain.Far from limiting reforms to the state, revolutionaries sought.

The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited monarchy in place of the absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries.In practice, however, this concept has been variously stretched, distorted, and corrupted, making any precise definition of the term republic difficult.

The following month, amid a wave of violence in which Parisian insurrectionists massacred hundreds of accused counterrevolutionaries, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic.Third Estate: In 1789, the Third Estate was 98% of the entire population.French Revolution Vocabulary revolution—a time of dramatic change scientific method—a method of testing an hypothesis with experimentation, data.